LESSON 35 – The Passover and the Parting of the Red Sea – Exodus 12-14


  • Exodus 12:1-30 – What does God ask Moses to do in verses 1 & 2? (Make the month they were in the beginning of their year. He was asking them to change their calendars.) List the things God asks the Israelites to do in verses 3-11. (Take a lamb, a year-old lamb with defect, take care of it from the 10th -14th of the month, slaughter the animal at twilight, take some of the blood an put it on their doorframes, eath the meat cooked with better herbs, and bread made without yeast, eat it all, eat it with their cloak tucked into their belts, their sandals on and staff in hand.) What did God call this time? (vs. 11 – The Passover) According to verses 12 and 13, why were they to do this? (The 10th plague would be the death of every first born  – both men and animals – and it would be a final judgment on all of the gods of Egypt. However, the blood on the doorposts of the Israelites would keep the death angel from killing any firstborn in a house so marked.) The commemoration of this time would eventually be called the Passover (signifying the passing over of the angel) and the Feast of Unleavened Bread (The seven days after Passover. Leaven is a symbol for sin. The Feast of Unleavened bread memorialized Israel’s deliverance from a life of slavery under Pharaoh after the slaying of the Passover lamb, but it also now represents the Christian deliverance from a life of sin under Satan after the slaying of Jesus Christ, the “Lamb of God.”)
  • Exodus 12:31-50. Did the 10th plague convince the Pharaoh to let the Israelites go? What did Pharaoh say to Aaron and Moses? (vs. 31,32) What did the Egyptian people think about what had happened? (vs33 – They wanted the Jews to leave also – they believed that eventually they would all die) From verses 34-36 what do we see the Israelites taking with them? On a map find the first leg of the Israelites journey (vs. 37) How many Israelite men left Egypt? (vs. 37 – 600,000) This number does not count the women, children and the other people that weren’t Jews. Probably nearly 2 million people left with Moses. What was significant about the day that the Israelites left Egypt? (vs. 40,41 – It was 430 years to the day from when Jacob and his family entered Egypt.)
  • Exodus 13:17-14:31. Why didn’t God direct Moses to take the Israelites on a direct route to Canaan? (Check your map – It would be much quicker for the Israelites to go directly overland to what is now Israel. Instead God tells them to go south to the Red Sea. The reason is listed in verse 18. God knew the Israelites were untested and not ready to face the warring people of Canaan. Also, God has some truths He wants them to know.) What did they take with them? (13:19 – Joseph’s bones) How did God let them know He was with them? (vs. 13:20-22 – His glory [shekinah] led them as a pillar of cloud in the daytime and a pillar of fire by night. It was always there in front of them.) God is still not done with Pharaoh. What happens when the Pharaoh finds out the Israelites are going south instead of toward Canaan? (14:4-9. When Pharaoh realizes that he has lost the valuable services of his slaves, he is sorry that he let them go. Also, God hardens his heart once again against the people of God. All of Pharaoh’s horses, chariots horsemen and troops pursed them!) What is the response of the Israelites according to 14:10-12. (Get used to this. They are fearful and sure that they are all going to die. They blame Moses and wish that they had never left.) Moses reassures the people and tells them that never again will they have to face these people. They won’t even have to fight – God will do it for them! God tells Moses to get going and stretch his hand over sea and that it will part for them.  How does God protect Israel in 14:19-20? (The angel of the Lord that had been in front of them goes in back and comes between the army and them. Also, God’s glory moves between them and the Egyptians.) Have the children tell what happens next from 14:21-31; they know this!
  • The Passover – Have your children list what they think is important about the Passover story.Some suggestions:
    • Judgment falls on those who resist God.
    • God is more powerful than we can imagine.
    • The lamb is a type of Christ. The lamb’s blood was shed for their salvation from death; Jesus sacrificed his blood to save us from sin and give us eternal life.
      • The lamb had to be perfect – Jesus was the perfect man; he never sinned.
      • The Passover illustrates two eternal principles: death for sin and life through the blood.
      • Salvation from the death angel was dependant on the obedience of the people to do what God commanded: put the lamb’s blood on the doorpost.
      • The faith of the Israelites saved their first-born from death. If one today wants to come to God and be saved from death, he must have faith. (Hebrews 11:1-4)
    • The Crossing of the Red Sea – The people of Israel certainly do not cry, “Give me liberty of give me death!” when they saw the pursuit of the Egyptians. They didn’t understand what God was doing and even though they had experienced God’s protection and blessing through the plagues, their courage failed when they saw Pharaoh’s army coming.  Once again, they didn’t see that all of this was part of God’s plan (14:4). Why do you think slavery was preferable to them? (14:12 – They hadn’t wanted to come in the first place! Possible answer: They didn’t know any other life and couldn’t see that what God had for them was better.) God had promised to fight for them and they didn’t believe. Nevertheless, they experienced it and in chapter 15 we read the Song of Moses and Miriam and the Israelites over their deliverance. What are some words and phrases they use to praise God and describe Him in 15:21? Have each person in your family tell about a time that God delivered them. If you have time, make up your own 4 line poem of praise and thanksgiving to the Lord. Instead of the “horse and rider” being thrown into the sea, how were you delivered? End with a time of prayer and thanksgiving.


The two major events of this section of Scripture teach us several important things about the Lord and His plan for mankind.

Digging Deeper

    1. Write the story of the Exodus as if you were a writer for an Egyptian “newspaper” of that time.  Be sure to write it from the perspective of Egypt.  Follow the 5 W’s pattern, and also be sure to include what the Egyptians might have learned from this experience.
    2. The Passover is a type of Christ’s redemption for mankind. Make a chart of all the similarities you can find and reference them to verses both in the Old and New Testaments. You may try to find other sources for this after you have tried it on your own. Cite references.


Passover Redemption
the sacrifice was a lamb (vs 3) Christ is called the Lamb of God (I Cor. 5:7)